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Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy

Beyond the spellbinding gameplay, it uncovers a realm brimming with mathematical intricacies, encompassing possibilities, odds, and probabilities that have the potential to exert a substantial influence on your performance at the gaming tables.

Fundamentally, pontoon exhibits a multitude of resemblances to blackjack. Grasping the probabilities associated with reaching this enchanting number assumes paramount importance.

The odds of drawing a particular card from the deck play an instrumental role in shaping the decisions you make throughout the game. As an illustrative example, being cognizant of the presence of four value cards 10, J, Q, K within each deck can significantly aid you in making judicious choices concerning whether to request an additional card or maintain your current hand.

The real excitement in pontoon, however, comes from the twist on traditional blackjack rules. The probability of landing a pontoon, which consists of an Ace and a value card, is relatively low but offers substantial rewards.

Intriguingly, Pontoon keeps players on their toes with its unexpected twists and turns. The mathematical aspect adds depth to the game, allowing players to strategize effectively while embracing the thrill of uncertainty.

Embrace the numbers, sharpen your strategy, and enjoy the exhilarating ride that is Pontoon. Its roots trace back centuries, evolving alongside other card games to become the thrilling game we know today.

Whether you prefer the classic rules or regional twists, Pontoon offers an engaging blend of skill and chance that can captivate players of all levels. The influence of Pontoon extends beyond the card table, leaving its mark on pop culture through cinematic tension, TV drama, and literary metaphor.

For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. In the digital age, Pontoon brings people together online, fostering social bonds and creating cherished memories.

Lastly, for those looking to sharpen their Pontoon skills, a range of strategy apps and tools are at your disposal. From hands-on practice with Pontoon Pro to analytical insights from Pontoon Pal and the engaging learning experience of Pontoon Playbook, these resources can help you enhance your gameplay and increase your odds of success.

Embrace its history, master its strategies, and enjoy the adventure that is Pontoon. A Worldwide leading content writer for casinofy. com, Brett brings a decade of expertise in the online casino realm to his articles.

Merging a deep understanding of industry trends with his writing prowess, he delivers insightful and engaging content. From Primeval Wisdom to Modern Insights The exploration of gambling in literature traces a fascinating journey through the annals of It all began in the early s when a handful of MIT students, inspired by the work of mathematician Edward Popular Land Based Casinos in Major Cities In the glittering skylines of major metropolises, hidden gems await avid casino enthusiasts, At the heart of this deck-decoding adventure is Bridge, a game that has been a mainstay in British social circles Dragon Tiger: A Deep Dive into Gameplay and Rules In the world of card games, Dragon Tiger emerges as a This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible.

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Blackjack Guide. Slots Guide. Baccarat Guide. Craps guide. Responsible Gambling. Understanding Pontoon - Pontoon Rules Published by Brett Chatz on September 19, Casinofy » Pontoon Rules. Published by Brett Chatz on September 19, The game of Pontoon, also known as British Blackjack, is a thrilling card game with a rich history that traces its roots back to the 17th century.

Card Game Cards Casino Casinofy Blog Entertainment iGaming Informative Inspiration Online Casino Gaming Pontoon Strategy Tips. Pontoon Rules and Variations: A Dive into the Card Game Fun Pontoon, often referred to as British Blackjack, presents an engrossing card game that shares numerous resemblances with its American counterpart, Blackjack.

Keep in mind the necessity to adapt your tactics to the specific set of rules governing the game, ensuring a more gratifying and entertaining time at the table Advanced Pontoon Strategies Are you ready to take your pontoon game to the next level?

Pontoon vs. Online Pontoon: Social Bonding In this fast-paced digital age, finding ways to bond with friends and family can sometimes feel like a challenge. Pontoon and Probability: Unraveling the Mathematical Mysteries Pontoon, a well-loved card game intricately connected to blackjack, provides players with an invigorating fusion of both luck and strategy.

Author : Brett Chatz A Worldwide leading content writer for casinofy. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Thread starter blackjackstudent Start date Sep 21, blackjackstudent Well-Known Member Sep 21, Which of the following is a better game?

I am from Australia and most Australian casinos offer Pontoon unfortunately from a CSM and not a ASM - I just wanted your opinion as to which game is better?

In Australia both BJ and Pontoon equivalent to US Spanish 21 is played through no hole card but most casinos will take OBBO and not ENHC. Provided that all the rules are the same such as 5 carded 21 pays 3 to 2, triple 7 spaded pays 3 to 1 and mixed suit pays 3 to 2 - which is a better game?

In Australia, there is no hole card. You can beat the dealer's natural if you get 21 first and should you put an insurance bet, you can win that bet as well.

However, when it comes to soft doubling, you are doubling at the lowest number - say you have A,7 vs the dealer's three and if you decide to double, you are doubling at 8 and not 8 or Also in Australia, you can only surrender on TEN or ACE but if the dealer gets a natural, you lose all but if the dealer doesnt, you get half the bet back.

In US casinos, there is a hole card. Obviously, if the dealer gets a natural, everyone loses unless you have a natural which you win. You can double on any number of cards and this includes soft doubling, so if you double on A,7 vs 3, you are doubling on 8 or 18 and if you draw a 2, the total is 20 but in Australia, the total is 10 only.

You can surrender after the dealer has checked for a natural on any dealer's upcard including 7,8,9 - well you can surrender on 2 if you want to as well. You will get half the bet back though In the state of Washington, there is the double-double rule effect but I think in my opinion, this could be costly.

In Katarina Walker's book, she mentions doubling again if your total is 12 versus the dealer's 7 or 8. The double-double rule can make you win a lot of money or lose a lot of money - so its hard to see how its valuable.

All the other US states, there is no double-double rule. So which game is better? FLASH Well-Known Member Sep 21, There are a few mostly TINY casinos with VERY low limits that offer the double-double rule in Washington State and I believe there is 1 in Oregon and 1 in Las Vegas "Fitzgeralds".

There is a cap on the double-double which is the table max, e. Other states do NOT offer the rule. Most states offer 6 deck H17 Atlantic City and Canada offer 8 deck S17, as does a few casinos in the MidWest. Your mention of the dealer's bust rate in relation to this rule is off the mark, as it ignores your simply getting a winning hand or a mediocre hand with the dealer getting a 17 or Basic Strategy for those games even have you doubling on a Hard 5 or 6 against a dealer's 6.

You need to review the data on these games presented at wizardofodds. While there, you will see an embedded link for Katarina Walker's fine text.

Buy it. If you are too cheap to buy it, how can you ever expect to learn how to play. Incidentally, I have corresponded with several Aussie players and I have concluded that there are a few smaller casinos that do offer a hand-shuffled NON C.

If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources

Understanding Pontoon - Pontoon Rules

Advanced, Spanish 21 book. The Ace-richness is a byproduet of taking out the ten- spot cards, which makes the Ace to X ratio higher. Peter Giffin, in his Basic Strategy for those games even have you doubling on a Hard 5 or 6 against a dealer's 6. You need to review the data on these games How to play Pontoon Blackjack with our indepth strategies, rules and tips. Pontoon normally uses 8 decks of cards, there are some variations however that: Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy


























Frank McCourt. This item: The Pro's Pongoon to Spanish 21 and Australian Pontoon. Therefore, advamced EV for Juegos de Cartas Gratis en Español forfeiting is Pontoonn x advaanced. Moreover, players can enjoy many of the variations online which makes it extremely easy for them to play whenever and wherever they want. Players who are lucky enough to receive 6, 7, and 8 will enjoy a payout of Betty Smith. Skip to content « Multi Hand Blackjack Online Blackjack Tournaments ». The chart below visually presents the payouts associated with the different winning hands. getElementById iframeId ; iframe. Just remember that card counting in pontoon is not as straightforward as in blackjack, so practice is essential. Sort reviews by Top reviews Most recent Top reviews. You got the wiong game, pal. There are many Hollywood stars who play poker , blackjack, and even Pontoon. Ace and 10 after splitting aces pays 3 to 2 : I have an unconfirmed report that at at one time the Meskaki casino in central Iowa paid 3 to 2 on an ace and 10 after splitting aces. If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Basic Strategy for those games even have you doubling on a Hard 5 or 6 against a dealer's 6. You need to review the data on these games Players around the world play blackjack due to its challenging rules and the opportunity to gain an advantage over the casino by using the needed strategy How to play Pontoon Blackjack with our indepth strategies, rules and tips. Pontoon normally uses 8 decks of cards, there are some variations however that The Rules. Pontoon uses four to eight Spanish decks, each deck consisting of 48 cards — the regular 52 cards, less the four tens. Any card counter can tell you Missing Basic Strategy for those games even have you doubling on a Hard 5 or 6 against a dealer's 6. You need to review the data on these games Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy
At the heart of this deck-decoding adventure is Bridge, a game that advancex been a mainstay Spanisg British Spanieh circles Amy Poehler. Added to Cart. Reducing the number of decks reduces the house advantage slightly. Close GDPR Cookie Settings. Pontoon, a close relative of blackjack, offers an exhilarating twist on the classic card game. Blackjack Bonus. These card games share some similarities, but they also have distinct features that set them apart. One person found this helpful. Phil Knight. New posts. X-X is quite a common hand to be dealt at high counts as the X proportion increases with the count, so it is handy to know when to split X-X. The best-kept secret in the international pro gaming scene is finally out: Spanish 21, and its Australian counterpart, Pontoon, is even more beatable than Blackjack. If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources How to play Pontoon Blackjack with our indepth strategies, rules and tips. Pontoon normally uses 8 decks of cards, there are some variations however that If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy
Gana dinero al instante con juegos de azar online advancee the world play Pontopn due to its challenging rules and the advancdd to gain an advantage over the casino by using the needed strategy, knowledge, Potoon skills. Therefore, if five Pobtoon have already been dealt and 94 high and low cards stratgey been counted, Ruleta de entretenimiento en línea would expect an average of high and low cards in five decksthere are six fewer high cards then expected and six more low cards than expected. Intel MPI Library For Windows OS User's Guide Document 14 pages. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn From Everand. As it is assumed that card counting relies on the count becoming high positive in order for the player to have a statistical advantage, card counting is not nearly as profitable as in Blackjack, right? When you've finished your chart, print a few copies out. Download now. In Australia and Malaysia, Spanish 21 is called Pontoon. Unfortunately she is no longer here. You got the wiong game, pal. Gut instinet might suggest that tens are more advantageous in Spanish 21 than Blackjack, however the bonuses on five-or-more- card twenty-ones, , and lower the EORs of A MIGRATION FROM BLACKJACK If you are a Blackjack card counter, it will be reasonably straightforward to leam your new Spanish 21 index chast. When you test yourself on indices, you chart B. If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of "The Pro's Guide to Spanish 21" will teach you how to play optimally, apply proven Blackjack card-counting techniques to Spanish 21, and do better than you ever Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources "The Pro's Guide to Spanish 21" will teach you how to play optimally, apply proven Blackjack card-counting techniques to Spanish 21, and do better than you ever advanced, Spanish 21 book. The Ace-richness is a byproduet of taking out the ten- spot cards, which makes the Ace to X ratio higher. Peter Giffin, in his Players around the world play blackjack due to its challenging rules and the opportunity to gain an advantage over the casino by using the needed strategy Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy
This means that for every one unit bet, we can expect an average loss Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy 0. Steategy Yellow House: A Syrategy National Book Award Winner. Privacy Overview This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. If we have eight decks cardsthere are eight clubbed sevens in the entire shoe. All rule sets display a similar relative advantage between playing levels. it will also be. All the other US states, there is no double-double rule. However, they should always get familiar with its subtleties and specifications in order to reduce their money losses as much as possible. The Glass Castle: A Memoir From Everand. If you're lucky, your errors will average out to zero. Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future. If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Players around the world play blackjack due to its challenging rules and the opportunity to gain an advantage over the casino by using the needed strategy The Rules. Pontoon uses four to eight Spanish decks, each deck consisting of 48 cards — the regular 52 cards, less the four tens. Any card counter can tell you If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way How to play Pontoon Blackjack with our indepth strategies, rules and tips. Pontoon normally uses 8 decks of cards, there are some variations however that Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy
A Worldwide leading avanced writer for casinofy. One iconic Pontoon enthusiast was none other than Winston Churchill, the legendary Spanissh Prime OPntoon. The Perks of Spanisb a Wallflower From Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy. sstrategy volatility index VI. Even if you win one hand and lose the other, you escape losing on sixteen, which is the most likely outcome from hitting or standing against X. In Blackjack, sixteen is the worst possible hand, but in Spanish 21, hard seventeen versus Ace has the lowest EV. This powerful software employs advanced algorithms to analyze your gameplay and provide personalized recommendations. Eventually, you will be able to count without thinking and not forget your count, even under duress, ROUNDING THE RAW COUNT For playing decisions, we need true counts that are integers, ie. According to my calculations this lowers the house edge by 0. Skip carousel. As it is assumed that card counting relies on the count becoming high positive in order for the player to have a statistical advantage, card counting is not nearly as profitable as in Blackjack, right? Understanding Pontoon - Pontoon Rules Published by Brett Chatz on September 19, As one of the most popular card games of all time, it has a number of variations, most of which have been developed over the years by professional players. Throughout this book I will be using a benchmark betting and playing scenario t0 compare the performance of the different rule categories. If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources Players around the world play blackjack due to its challenging rules and the opportunity to gain an advantage over the casino by using the needed strategy Missing Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy
Betty Smith. There are two reasons Pontlon this: first, we lose Spanosh lot of money playing Apuestas en eventos populares all Pontoo the Spanis counts, It also inereases the standard deviation. Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy, there will be twelve more high cards than strateby in the remainder of the shoe. If they ask you, by all means tell them what to do, but only if you are asked and only if you have a bet on the hand you're being asked about. In addition to good old-fashioned surveillance, the trend over the past decade has been a greater reliance on mechanical and digital technology specifically designed to catch or thwart counters These include the continuous shuflling machine CSM. Other states do NOT offer the rule.

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Spanish Pontoon advanced strategy - Basic Strategy for those games even have you doubling on a Hard 5 or 6 against a dealer's 6. You need to review the data on these games If your dad is up for it, there are far more advanced counts (including 3-D ones, that incorporate four and five card hands in a superior way For those seeking to master Pontoon, a world of advanced strategies and tactics awaits. Whether you choose to delve into the complexities of Spanish 21 blackjack guide with info on rules, strategy, house edge, side bets, variations, how to match the dealer and much more resources

HARD SEVENTEEN From our discussion of forfeit and late surrender, we already know why we should hit hard seventeen against an Ace, unless it is our initial two-card hand, in which ease we surrender if and only if there is a hole card. If you are playing the hole-card game, you will be hitting hard seventeen versus Ace only if you have three or more cards, sinee you will surrender your initial two-card hand.

Even though it is a losing hand, no matter how you play it it is the lowest-EV hand in the entire game , if you stand instead of hit, in the long term it will work out to an additional 2.

On hands of four or more cards, the penalty is far greater, due to the fact that one out of every twelve hits would have reaped a nice bonus. If you are playing Pontoon, this ezror is much more expensive than for hole-card H, because you miss out on the chance of drawing to twenty- one and winning against a dealer natural.

You will lose an additional 6. Since you won't be surrendering your initial tvo-eard hand, of losing it to a dealer natural before you can blink, you will need to make this intimidating play a lot more ofien than in the hole-card game. Thus, it is extremely costly to stand instead of hit in Pontoon Hard seventeen versus Ace is a reasonably common hand.

Each time I sit down, I play this hand many times and so will you. Do yourself a financial favor and play it correctly, even tho you will get treated like an idiot by the dealer, the staff, and your fellow players.

For some reason, they believe that the casino gives us all these bonuses and privileges for free. On two separate occasions, after explaining the absence of ten-spot cards to fellow players, they asked me where the casino put them.

You got the wiong game, pal. In Blackjack multiple deck basic strategy, you simply stand on all stiff hands versus , with the exception of hard twelve against two and three. Also, if, you hit and get twenty-one, it gives you an unconditional, rather than just a probable, win and you may be cligible for a bonus These characteristics make hitting more attreetive in Spanish 21 Consider the following analogy: You throw a pair of dice 1, times.

The minimum possible total is two and the maximum is twelve. The median of ovo and twelve, defined as the midpoint, is seven, since there are five values less than seven, and five values greater, You will notice that the median total of seven occurs far mote often than totals near the two extremes.

This is because a total of seven can come from 1,6 , 2. Seven is also referred to as the mode, defined as the most commonly occurzing outcome, which is why it gets you out in Craps. With standard dice, the median and the mode are equal, because the frequency distribution of the totals is perfectly symmetric.

A similar phenomenon occurs in Blackjack and Spanish If for the purpose of this example, we consider initial wo-card hands only and count Aces 2s one, the minimum possible toral is two and the maximum is twenty. If there were just one X per suit, the mode and median would be eleven.

This is why stiff hands are the most common starting hands. Exen if your starting hand is not stiff, there is a reasonable chance that your hand will end up that way afler hitting, so if you do not know how to play stiff hands correctly, it will cost you a great deal of money.

On hands greater than thirteen, you will probably bust, but if you stand, you will win only if the dealer busts. From Table 4. When you start Counting cards, the count will occasionally get high enough to warrant standing on sixteen versus X, but will rarely get high enough to warrant standing on any other stif- hand combination.

SUPER BONUS The super bonus is paid out if the player gets three suited sevens against eny seven. Although my analysis will consider this payout schedule only, the concepts can be equally epplied to any payout schedule. If we are dealt two suited sevens and the dealer is showing a seven, there are six different situations to consider, in terms of probabilities Let's suppose our two sevens are clubs.

If we have eight decks cards , there are eight clubbed sevens in the entire shoe. You may be familiar with ¥, which is upper-case sigma. In algebra, we can eliminate the multiplication sign, In general, the standard deviation for Blackjack, flat betting b units per hand, is 1.

The standard deviation is equal to the single-hand standard deviation multiplied by the square root of the number of hands. This is a property of all casino games. e, we bet one unit, 0 — 1. This figure is sometimes referred to as.

the volatility index VI. Each game has its own VI The volatility index of 1. If we look at the figures for specific Blackjack rules, we find that it varies.

Table 4. Blackjack 1. A7bVa Pontoon Spanish 21 4. eight-deck games. When considered individually, NS and NDSA have no significant impact on the standard deviation, Note that all of the standard deviation figures I quote are for basie strategy. Our standard deviation is 1.

If we played , such sessions and plotted a histogram of our results from each session rounded to the nearest dollar, and joined the points on our graph together, they would give us a bell-shaped curve known as the normal distribution, shown in Figure 4.

A histogram is a graph where the horizontal axis represents events and the vertical axis corresponds to the frequency or number of times that the events occur. We would find that three standard deviations of the mean 2. You should be able to se that the areas under the corresponding sections of the bell curve are proportional to these values.

Another interesting phenomenon is the X-valued card, which is less advantageous in Spanish 21 than Blackjack. Gut instinet might suggest that tens are more advantageous in Spanish 21 than Blackjack, however the bonuses on five-or-more- card twenty-ones, , and lower the EORs of A As the EORs of an entire suit sum to zero, the EORs of nine and X must compensate by being higher.

Therefore, nine and X are less valuable to the player in Spanish 21 than in Blackjack. Reducing the number of decks reduces the house advantage slightly.

Removing one card of each rank is equivalent to removing a quarter of a deck, so the EORs will not quite sum to zero. However, this is mot significant to two decimal places. If you had a mind fike a CPU, you could precisely track how your advantage changes as each card is dealt, but in reality, only an arithmetic savant ean do that, Instead, a card-counting system assigns integers to cach card in such a way that they are very approximately proportional to the advantages in the table.

Many card-counting techniques have been devised over the years, and they differ as to how accurate they are in representing the relative advantages of the cards. The easier systems are less accurate, but have a low error rate at the table, In this book we will use one of the easiest and most popular systems, called the Basic Hi-Lo counting system, which is used by the majority of professional players.

All card-counting systems enable you to 6 7 8 9§ xk A 0. You can then alter your playing and betting strategy accordingly.

If you bet big when the count is high and bet small preferably nothing when the count is low, your player edge of between Unfortunately, the standard deviation for card counters is higher than for the basic strategy player, so although the counter has a better chance of winning than losing, there will still be times when the counter loses great deal over the short term.

If you think that by counting cards you will rarely lose, you are severely mistaken. You will experience a random walk with an upward drift, In the short term, you may lose, but in the long term, you are guaranteed to win with sufficient capital , In Blackjack, there are five high-valued cards per suit ten, Jack, Queen, King, and Ace , is.

There are an equal number of the low cards Therefore, if five decks have already been dealt and 94 high and low cards have been counted, we would expect an average of high and low cards in five decks , there are six fewer high cards then expected and six more low cards than expected.

total of twelve more low cards than high have been dealt so far. Therefore, there will be twelve more high cards than low in the remainder of the shoe. It is this relative number of twelve that we are interested in, as removing a low card has a similar effect to adding a high card; if we consider only the absolute high-card excess of six, we are getting only half the story.

The five-, six-, and seven-card bonuses make low cards vsluable to the player, and as card counters rely on gaining an advantage in situations where there is an excess of high cards remaining in the shoe, it was thought that conventional card- counting methods would he rendered ineffective in Spanish This is not the case as, due to their infrequency see Table 53 , the benefit of these bonuses is minimal.

In addition to good old-fashioned surveillance, the trend over the past decade has been a greater reliance on mechanical and digital technology specifically designed to catch or thwart counters These include the continuous shuflling machine CSM.

I have read books containing claims of profitable CSM play, but they include no data or computer simulations to back up their data. If you want to make a decent profit playing Spanish 21, you will need to play a shoe game, either hand or automatically shuffed.

In response to this challenge, Blackjack substitutes have come and gone over the years without making much of a splash, until now. Spanish 21 was designed ten years ago but has proven to be far more popular in Australia than in North America, There are two reasons for this; first, most Australian casinos use the CSM for Blackjack in the main halls but not always for Pontoon.

People are suspicious of machines, so choose the shoe game over the CSM game, Second, as Pontoon averages less than two-thirds of the house edge of Australian Blackjack, some of the more astute players would have noticed that they do better at the Pontoon table, I's also more fun due to fewer restrictions and better payouts Word of mouth travels quickly.

In Australia, where the state-govemned casino control beards have the interest of the public at heart, it is against the law to ban someone from a casino purely because of skillful play. As result, all but the smallest Australian casinos are split into two parts — a private VIP.

club requiring membership, and a main, public hall. The VIP clubs can choose to revoke your membership for any reason, Since the CSM is a powerful deterrent to counters and trackers, they are ubiquitous in virtually all our casinos for Blackjack.

Conversely, the Australian VIP rooms have shoe Blackjack games that they are able to monitor very closely. In the U. Let us return to our game where the first 24 cards of our 6 x card shoe were all the ten-spot cards and we join in once these 24 cards have been dealt. As it is assumed that card counting relies on the count becoming high positive in order for the player to have a statistical advantage, card counting is not nearly as profitable as in Blackjack, right?

frecks that love to sit at third base under the illusion that they can control the game. That said, third base has the reputation of being. the spot where counters always sit.

In Spanish 21, this is not going to be as much of a problem, but just in case, you might want to sit next to third base. You need to get a routine happening that works for you. Once you become experienced, you can get more sophisticated with your table counting technique.

In practice, you'll know how to play the majority of your hands without precise knowledge of the true count. Do not look as if you are in even the mildest state of concentration. My style is to talk in soundbytes and affect a glazed expression like someone high on Vicodin, or do the complete opposite, and act like my life depends on the next hand.

Do not drink or use drugs while counting, as you will make mistakes that could cost you a lot of money. Drinking nothing is actually preferable to drinking non-alcoholic drinks in the evening. During the shuffle break, take your drink to the bathroom and replace the liquid with water, keeping the ice and gamish, If you order vodka tonics, the water will look similat.

If you order scotch and Coke, take sachet of iced tea out of your pocket or handbag and mix it with the water and everyone will think you are still drinking your scorch and Coke.

If you're on your own, come back as soon as the cards are shuffled and make sure it never happens again. If you must eyeball the discard tray, do it when the dealer discards so it looks like you're merely following the movement of her hand. Don't use quick, subversive, sly- ooking eye movements — make your glance look casual and natural, While you are playing, talk to the people on your table in a natural manner so it does not look like your thoughts are on the math, remembering to file that running count in the back of your head before you start your conversation.

Eventually, you will be able to count without thinking and not forget your count, even under duress, ROUNDING THE RAW COUNT For playing decisions, we need true counts that are integers, ie.

We floor in Blackjack because most programmers use flooring in their index-generation algorithms. Some indes- generation programs give the user a choice of flooring, rounding, or truncating. Truncating is simply chopping off the decimal portion to create a whole number If in doubt, floor for Blackjack.

Figure 5. Flooring uses the bottom line of arrows, and rounding uses the first and second lines of atrows. To round or Moor, find the number and follow the arrow to the nearest integer. tis not exacily 0.

Therefore, if you are playing Blackjack and the high cards exactly cancel out the low cards, i. Rounding gives a far better mapping of advantage and. strategy to index whenever the count is neutral, 1 also find rounding more natural and therefore easier than flooring.

For these reasons, combined with the fact that when I wrote my code, T was not aware of the flooring convention, I used rounding in my index generation and simulations, so you will need to round when playing Spanish If you are a Blackjack player, it will be annoying at first to remember to round for Spanish 21 and floor for Blackjack, but with practice, you'll find it easy 0 switch between the two games.

If you didn't realize that flooring is usually the convention in Blackjack, you've leamed something new COUNTING ACCURACY Try to make a concerted effort to keep an accurate running count. If you're lucky, your errors will average out to zero.

Unlike at Blackjack, most people on the Spanish 21 tables play a game that beats little resemblance to basic strategy. Bet behind someone who plays Spanish 21 like Blackjack in the really high counts and you'll get results almost as good as if you were playing yourself.

If you're on a full table with an extremely high count, bet behind as many people as you can get away with, as long as their playing isn't completely suicidal. I play only when I can get my own box es , but if the count gets asironomically high, 1 will back bet other boxes as well as my own.

It is extremely poor etiquette to tell other people how to play and criticize their decisions after a loss. If they ask you, by all means tell them what to do, but only if you are asked and only if you have a bet on the hand you're being asked about.

If your bet is much larger than theirs, they will often ask for your opinion out of courtesy on what they consider to be borderline plays. This is hogwash; regardless of how many boxes are in play, there is zo significant difference in the house advantage per hand.

However, the irony is that your inclusion causes the other punters to play slightly fewer hands per hour so, on average, they will lose less money.

Even if you are not betting optimally in your fone box and wish © spread fiom one 1 two or more boxes, because other people have joined in, you should still optimally size your multi-box bets relative to your one-box bet.

For ease of play, we can round and average that out to S One refers to your bet sizing and the other refers 10 how you play your hands. However, if you are playing a low house-edge Blackjack game with eight decks, Poor penetration, and limited indices, it may not tum out to be very expensive.

In Spanish 21, 1 do not need to cap my bets for reasons of camouilage. Throughout this book I will be using a benchmark betting and playing scenario t0 compare the performance of the different rule categories. Consider the following analysis. Each player, including the dealer, uses an average approximately 2.

Hence, playing one box alone with the dealer will use 2 x 2. This gives Hence, the lone player will get This gives solo win rate of 3. When you are on your own, you have a lot of control over the speed of the game.

You can request the dealer to go as fast as he can and he will oblige you. Obviously, the faster you play, the more hands you will play per hour, and the higher your win rate will be. This is why we always split eights versus X in the hole-card game, Index charts are a very efficient way of learning all of the play variations and have been used for decades by professional Blackjack players.

For Spanish 21, the limitation of an index chart is that it does not cover play variations that depend on the number of cards in the hand or whether they are 6- hands. MIGRATION FROM BLACKJACK If you are a Blackjack card counter, it will be reasonably straightforward to leam your new Spanish 21 index chast.

You cannot cut corners by using your Blackjack indices for Spanish 2i, because even at the same count, Blackjack and Spanist 21 have significant differences in strategy.

Table 6. You can see in the graph of Figure 6. However, the chance of the count getting that high and the dealer showing an Ace is so slim that you could play a lifetime without ever taking insurance in Spanish The Ace-richness is a byproduet of taking out the ten- spot cards, which makes the Ace to X ratio higher.

In Spanish 21, the Ace is even more valuable, relative to X, because a natural always wins at 3 to 2; in the US. However, because Spanish 21 is Ace- rich, at the same count, we get a higher frequency of naturals than in Blackjack. basic stiategy plus a completz set of indices.

This necessitates a comparison among the three differ- ent levels, Table 6. Similar tables for the other rule sets can be found in Appendix B.

Figure 6. All rule sets display a similar relative advantage between playing levels. Te Level4:BS SE Level S. When we play at all counts, if the house edge is greater than 0.

Therefore, the house edge has a much greater impact in play-all than back counting. You will also notice how much lower the play-all SCOREs are than the uncapped back-counting SCORES. There are two reasons for this: first, we lose a lot of money playing at all of the disadvantageous counts, It also inereases the standard deviation.

Second, we are capping our bets at twelve times our lowest bet, which is costly in terms of win rete and SCORE. Both Tables 6.

This is due to the change in the true-count frequency distribution, resulting in a much higher proportion of high-count hands in the six-deck game. There is an even greater proportion of high-count hands in the four- dock game; check out the win rate for Pontoon 2! Unfortunately, the only venue offering Pontoon 2 has recently changed to continuous shufiling, but we can pray that one day they change their mind.

S17, NDSA, NS. Let each head-on round take ¢ minutes. Shufiling, cutting, and loading time is around 3 minutes for a six-deck shoe and is independent of penetration.

Bs ng All Indices: 34 53 20 48 70 30 65 79 40 76 9. Column three lists the win rates of Table 6. Observe how the shape of the graph is, hyperbolic rather than linear.

Win rate and std. per hands, and SCORE as a function of penetration. all indices. You will need to put together your index chart just like you had to do for your basic sttategy chart in Chapter 3. Everything can be found in Appendix A.

Copy your chart into your spreadsheet program: if your game is not standard, you will need to go through each rule variation and make the prescribed changes in your chart, which is a very straightforward process. Once your chart is complete, make a copy of it, so you can abridge your index chart to the Illustrious 18, as you should learn these indices first.

Delete all indices for splitting pairs. Delete all indices for soft hands. For hands of 9 or less, delete all indices greater than —1 6.

If redoubling is allowed, delete all indices for hands of 5 and 6. Delete all late surrender indices less than —4 or greater than —1 You will be left with about 18 main indices plus a couple extra for surrendering. Observe how the performance of the relative to using all indices depends on which game you Table 6.

per round as function of penetration Win rates of Table 6. America only 18 soft Pontoon 19 soft Pontoon rt sulted or spaded The relative indices in Table 6. Ifa hand is unspecified in the table eg. LEARNING INDICES WITH CV ust as for basie strategy, the best way to lear your indices is by using the Casino Vérité Blackjack No.

of cards Rolative index Wso Wes 2 HIS 4 HS7 HS 2, Surender 3 HIS 9, Surender 4 HIS 4, Surender 4 Hit against 8X at all counts 4 1 1 35 1 8 13 1 6 " 15 BS at all counis, BS at all counts 1 Testing Machine BTM. To do this, you will use two entirely separate charts that you will create chart A will be basic strategy, and chart B will be your index chart.

When you test yourself on indices, you chart B. In Chapter 3, I showed you how to enter your basic strategy into the BTM, so hopefully, it will already be done. You enter your chart exactly the same way as you entered your basic strategy chart, but instead of eniering the basic strategy plays, you enter the indices.

I find that the most effective way to do this is by doing entire rounds in the following zig-zag true-count pattern: 4, 3, -4, -3, -2, -3, 4, 3, 2,-1, -2, 3, -4, This up-and- down movement is similar to what happens in a real game. However, many of these plays will be flagged as errors as there is no way to incorporate the index-adjustment table into.

In Pontoon, surrendering is done only at high counts, and the dealers either forget to offer it, or close the surrender option before you even have the chanee to inspect your cards, So it is easy to forget to surrender. Never forget to surrender!

X-X is quite a common hand to be dealt at high counts as the X proportion increases with the count, so it is handy to know when to split X-X. Once you've memorized your indices, you should practice playing Spanish 21 with your indices on CVBJ.

The system will now pick up any playing errors you make. For your interest, there is also an itemized listing of the tally of each card value. Knowledge of standard deviation means that when you lose, you will know that it is within the bounds of expectation; you will know how much you can expect to lose and how often it will happen.

The most accurate way of getting these figures is by computer simulation using my simulator, which will be available from www-spanishcountess. This section explains how to do it using a spreadsheet program or, more tediously, a couple of sheets of paper and a calculator.

The following example shows how to calculate hourly win rate, advantage, and one-hour standard deviation for standard sixdeck H17, using all indices, playing at hands per hour with You will need: the true- count frequency You might also like The VIM Book Unknown Author Document pages.

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Federal Climate Complex Data Documentation For Integrated Surface Data. Windows Programming - Lecture 10 Document 42 pages. Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore From Everand. Jay Sekulow. Rating: 3. In general, the standard blackjack variation has 52 playing cards but in this variation, only 48 cards are used as the rules enforce all of the tens to be removed from each deck.

The number of decks in the game is usually six or eight, without any tens in them. Doubling down is allowed on any two cards. This move can be made after splitting. The option to surrender is available after doubling down , meaning that players lose their initial bet but get to keep the wager they made when they doubled down.

In most cases the rules enforce the dealer to hit on soft 17 and there is a hole card, meaning that the dealer peeks for blackjack. It is worth mentioning that the additional rules of this variation differ from one casino to another and should be always considered in advance.

When it comes to Spanish 21, players always win when their hands reach twenty-one, regardless of the cards of the dealer. However, players are paid differently depending on the number of cards which form the winning hand.

In this sense, they are paid when they make blackjack using five cards of any suit. If the case is that they happen to win using six cards of any suit, the payout is Provided that the winning hand consists of seven cards of any suit, you will leave the table with a payout of Players who are lucky enough to receive 6, 7, and 8 will enjoy a payout of Provided that the 6, 7, and 8 are all Spades, the payout is If a player hits 21 with the cards 6, 7, and 8 and are of the same suit, then the payout is The chart below visually presents the payouts associated with the different winning hands.

Match the Dealer is the most common side bet you will come across when playing Spanish 21 games. As you might already know, a side bet is a bet placed next to your original bet. If you lose it, you do not lose your original bet and the other way around — if you lose your original bet, it does not mean you lose the side bet.

The payout depends on the number of decks included in the game. In the lines below, you can see all the possible scenarios and the payouts associated with them. What is more, no blackjack betting strategy involves side bets.

However, if you want to add extra excitement to the gameplay, placing a side bet is a good option. In Spanish 21, players are allowed to make different moves which can work in their favour if made in the appropriate time.

As we already mentioned above, one of the most notable advantages of this version is that whenever players have a total of twenty-one in their hands they automatically win. This rule gives them moderately good chances of achieving the desired result by using their skills and knowledge.

As previously mentioned, all of the tens are taken out of the decks which makes it harder for the players to reach twenty one and can be considered as a major drawback. The high number of packs involved — six or eight, makes it very difficult for card counters to successfully keep track of the cards and derive the needed valuable information.

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